(The Exposé) In a study of 12 face masks, every mask contained titanium dioxide (TiO2) particles in at least one layer, at levels that “exceeded the acceptable exposure level.”
The International Agency for Research on Cancer classifies titanium dioxide as a Group 2B carcinogen, which means it is “possibly carcinogenic to humans” by inhalation.
A meta-analysis called for a rethinking of nano-TiO2 safety, citing numerous toxic effects in humans and aquatic animals.
Masks take both a physical and psychological toll; the journal Paediatrics highlighted the emotional burden felt by parents, clinicians and patients due to wearing masks in paediatric cancer wards.
YouTube has updated its policies about what constitutes “misinformation” and now allows you to say masks don’t work.
The face masks that were supposed to protect your health may turn out to be detrimental to it, as increasing evidence points to toxins within their fibres. Titanium dioxide is one such toxin, one that’s particularly troubling in face masks because it is a suspected human carcinogen when inhaled.1
Not only have adults been unwittingly exposed to this likely cancer-causing substance due to widespread mask mandates put in place during the pandemic, but so too have children, whose bodies are especially vulnerable to toxic influences. Coupled with evidence suggesting that mask mandates and use did not lower the spread of Covid-19,2 forced mask mandates become all the more atrocious.
Group 2B Carcinogen Detected in Masks
The International Agency for Research on Cancer (“IARC”) classifies titanium dioxide as a Group 2B carcinogen, which means it’s “possibly carcinogenic to humans” by inhalation.3 Prior to the pandemic, this occurred primarily in occupational settings during the production of titanium dioxide powders or in the manufacture of products containing the substance.
There has also been some concern about spray-on (aerosolised) sunscreens, hair colour sprays and cosmetic powders containing microscopic particles of titanium dioxide that could be inhaled.
Specifically, the state of California includes titanium dioxide in the form of airborne particles measuring 10 micrometres or less on its Proposition 65 list, stating, “Titanium dioxide (airborne, unbound particles of respirable size) is on the Proposition 65 list because it can cause cancer. Exposure to titanium dioxide may increase the risk of cancer.”4
Despite the fact that titanium dioxide’s carcinogenicity when inhaled is well-known, the compound is commonly used in face mask textiles to improve stability to ultraviolet light and for use as a white colourant and matting agent.
Nanoparticle technology is also being used in face masks, and nanofibres containing titanium dioxide have been used to make antimicrobial filters, often in combination with silver and graphene, while titanium dioxide nanoparticle coatings may also be applied to cotton fabric to enhance antibacterial properties.5
Not only have adverse effects been reported in animal studies involving inhalation of titanium dioxide particles,6 but a team of researchers warned of “possible future consequences caused by a poorly regulated use of nanotechnology in textiles,” expanding on potential human health and environmental effects:7
TiO2 in Masks Exceeds “Acceptable” Exposure Level
In a study published in Scientific Reports, researchers tested the amount of titanium — used as a proxy for TiO2 particles — in 12 face masks meant to be worn by the public, including single-use disposable varieties as well as reusable masks. The masks were made of various materials, including synthetic fibres like polyester and natural fibres, such as cotton.9
Every mask contained titanium dioxide particles in at least one layer, although they weren’t found in cotton fibres or melt-blown nonwoven fabrics. Generally, the amount of titanium dioxide particles in nonwoven fabrics was lower — by a factor of 10 — than in polyester and polyamide fibres. Further, all of the masks except one contained TiO2 nanoparticles, which present an elevated inhalation hazard.
Nanosized particles are typically described as being less than 100 nanometres (nm). The median size of the titanium dioxide particles in the masks ranged from 89 to 184 nm.10 Based on a model in which face masks are “worn intensively,” the study found that exposure to titanium dioxide “systematically exceeded the acceptable exposure level to TiO2 by inhalation (3.6 µg).”
On Twitter, Federico Andres Lois shared, “The best (lowest contamination) has more than 5 times the acceptable limit. Ohh and by the way, you are forcing your kid to breathe through it.”11 This, the researchers concluded, calls for in-depth research to avoid adverse effects:12
How Masks Make You Sick
The potential consequences of breathing in carcinogenic particles from face masks worn during the Covid-19 pandemic won’t be known for years, but red flags have been raised from the beginning that face mask usage has consequences, with no meaningful benefit.
Dr. Zacharias Fögen conducted a study to find out whether mandatory mask use influenced the Covid-19 case fatality rate in Kansas from 1 August to 15 October, 2020.13 He chose the state of Kansas because, while it issued a mask mandate, counties were allowed to either opt in or out of it.
His analysis revealed that counties with a mask mandate had significantly higher case fatality rates than counties without a mask mandate. “These findings suggest that mask use might pose a yet unknown threat to the user instead of protecting them, making mask mandates a debatable epidemiologic intervention,” he concluded.
That threat, he explained, may be something called the “Foegen effect” — the idea that deep re-inhalation of droplets and virions caught on facemasks might make Covid-19 infection more likely or more severe.
Fögen explained that wearing masks could end up increasing your overall viral load because instead of exhaling virions from your respiratory tract and ridding your body of them, those virions are caught in the mask and returned. This might also have the effect of increasing the number of virions that pass through the mask, such that it becomes more than the number that would have been shed without a mask. According to Fögen:14